The first world war was a calamity for germany and europe the second world war was an even bigger calamity for germany and europe but without both world wars there would be no european union (eu) today. Quick answer the countries that fought in world war ii were germany, italy and japan, which comprised the axis powers, and britain, france, australia, canada, new zealand, india, the soviet union, china and the united states of america, which comprised the allies. In childhood including those during the war as well as several measures of exposure to war shocks such as experience of dispossession, persecution, combat in local areas, and hunger periods for over 20,000 individuals in 13 european countries. In the latest in a series of articles on how world war ii changed forever the countries that fought it, kirsten ripper looks at germany, the instigator of the conflict and a nation that would be. During world war ii, roosevelt followed a policy of the grand alliance with the determination to get along with the soviet union he was determined to follow this policy after the war and believed the united nations, one of his pet projects, would maintain the postwar peace.
Nationalism affected europe during the 19th century by making europeans feel superior to other countries and governments, which led to the unification of both germany and italy, with russia moving towards modernization and with france moving towards liberalism this sense of superiority led to a. The unification of germany 1864-1871 the war and its aftermath created great bitterness between the two countries and sowed the seeds for the first world war french resentment at the loss of alsace-lorraine and the desire for revenge dominated french politics for fifty years. The europe of nations, whose nationalistic sentiments led to two world wars during the last century, is viewing the federalism of the usa as a possible solution to forging a united europe western europe 1945-present [ edit . [object object]user: nationalist movements led to which of the following situations in european countriesa the great war, also known as world war i b unification of germany under otto von bismarck, and unification of italy under camillo di cavour and giuseppe garibaldi c assassination of archduke franz ferdinand and his wife sophie d all of the above.
World war ii by country it was one of the two countries to declare war in 1943, the other being colombia shortly after war was declared, the president of bolivia, during world war ii more than 100,000 koreans were mandatorily drafted into the imperial japanese army. The two countries had fought together as allies in the second world war but soviet actions after the war shocked the american people the soviet union wanted to block western political and. Although world war i, world war ii, and the cold war divided europe during the twentieth century, the eu has emerged as a unifying force for the european people the benelux agreement, the marshall plan, and the treaty of rome all helped set the stage for the european unification that evolved into the eu.
Atlas of world war ii global maps map with the participants in map of the holocaust in europe during world war ii map of the holocaust in europe during world war ii of former countries that are more or less continued by a present-day country or had a territory included in only one or two countries are included in the atlas of the. Since the end of world war ii, the nations of western europe have improved their economic position by 1increasing communication and cooperation in the region 2colonizing african and asian nations. How communism took over eastern europe after world war ii established its hegemony over eastern europe at the end of world war ii the history of totalitarian countries and the methods.
Europe before world war two (1939) the map of europe changed significantly after the first world war the war brought the monarchies in germany, austria-hungary, russia and the ottoman empire to their knees. Of all the countries at the time of world war ii, the united states was the only country with the indistrial and agricultura potential to wage a global war effort it was also the countru most determined to remain neutral and stay out of the war. European history/world war i 2 the alliance system one factor which helped to escalate the conflict was the alliance system of the late nineteenth century.
At the end of world war ii, against the background of the devastation and human suffering during the second world war as well as the need for reconciliation after the war, other organisations in world european countries like the united kingdom, france,. Europe was devastated by the second world war, and it seemed fairly obvious to most countries that their prospects of repairing the damages and reconstituting their losses would require more labor, more energy, and, of course, more money, than any one country could muster on its own.
The unification of germany into a politically and administratively integrated nation state officially occurred on 18 january 1871, during this period, european liberalism gained momentum the agenda included economic, social, and political issues which emerged after the great war and gained momentum in the aftermath of world war ii,. Germany had occupied much of europe during world war ii many of the countries in the west returned to the same governments and borders they had prior to the war however, germany was divided up into eastern and western germany. World war ii brought about untold changes in europe and elsewhere this period marked a cultural and economic shift for the entire globe, and the recovery from that shift echoes to this day. In post-world war ii many some european countries lost their landmass and became smaller poland since 1945 was about 20 percent smaller than that was in 1939 the imaginary boundary divide called iron curtain drawn in 1945 in the post-world war ii persisted in europe till the end of the cold war in 1991 that marked the dissolution of the ussr.